A preliminary examination of effect of massage and aroma oil massage in foot care nursing

Kaoru Eto, Atsuko K. Yamazaki, Keita Yonekura, Minoru Mukuda, Yasuo Kabasawa, Hiroko Yoshida, Kiyomi Ito, Michie Ogiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Foot care nursing is attracting attention as a medically effective treatment for the foot lesions caused by such problems as diabetes or aging. In this study, we experimentally examined how aromatherapy affects human brain functions during foot care nursing using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). 11 subjects received both foot care nursing massages and aroma oil massages. We analyzed the changes in their oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentrations based on their brain activity by t-tests, and the t-test results showed significant differences between two kinds of massages in both the somatosensory and prefrontal association areas. The oxy-Hb concentration in both massages with and without aroma oil also showed a tendency to decrease with time. Our questionnaire results showed that our subjects felt more comfortable and relaxed while receiving foot care nursing with aroma oils. These results suggest that aroma oil massages are an effective foot care nursing tool and that foot care nursing is a medically effective treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1524-1531
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Computer Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event19th International Conference on Knowledge Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2015 - , Singapore
Duration: 2015 Sept 72015 Sept 9


  • Aroma oil massage
  • Foot care nursing
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Oxygenated hemoglobin concentrations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)


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