Analysis of phase-shift pulse brillouin optical time-domain reflectometry

Tsuneo Horiguchi, Yuki Masui, Mohd Saiful Dzulkefly Zan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Distributed strain and temperature can be measured by using local Brillouin backscatter in optical fibers based on the strain and temperature dependence of the Brillouin frequency shift. The technique of analyzing the local Brillion backscatter in the time domain is called Brillouin optical time domain reflectometry (BOTDR). Although the best spatial resolution of classic BOTDR remains at around 1 m, some recent BOTDR techniques have attained as high as cm-scale spatial resolution. Our laboratory has proposed and demonstrated a high-spatial-resolution BOTDR called phase-shift pulse BOTDR (PSP-BOTDR), using a pair of probe pulses modulated with binary phase-shift keying. PSP-BOTDR is based on the cross-correlation of Brillouin backscatter and on the subtraction of cross-correlations obtained from the Brillouin scatterings evoked by each phase-modulated probe pulse. Although PSP-BOTDR has attained 20-cm spatial resolution, the spectral analysis method of PSP-BOTDR has not been discussed in detail. This article gives in-depth analysis of the Brillouin backscatter and the correlations of the backscatters of the PSP-BOTDR. Based on the analysis, we propose new spectral analysis methods for PSP-BOTDR. The analysis and experiments show that the proposed methods give better frequency resolution than before.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1497
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1


  • Brillouin optical time domain reflectometry
  • Brillouin scattering
  • Distributed fiber sensor
  • Fast fourier transform
  • Signal processing
  • Spectral analysis
  • Strain and temperature sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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