Annealing study on (Hg,Tl) 2Ba2Can-1CunOy (n = 1-5) superconductors

T. Tatsuki, A. Tokiwa-Yamamoto, T. Tamura, S. Adachi, K. Tanabe

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We have investigated the effects of post-annealing on the Tc of (Hg,Tl)-22(n - 1)n (n =1-5) superconductors synthesized under high pressure. Reducing treatments in Ar, 3% H2/Ar or 5% H2/N2 were found to be effective in increasing the Tc of the n = 2-5 compounds, in particular for the (Hg,Tl)-2212 and (Hg,Tl)-2223 phases. Such enhancement in Tc is considered to be caused by the optimization of the hole concentrations in these compounds. The highest Tc of 120 K in this series was recorded for the n = 3 phase after post-annealing in 5% H2/N2. Though the 2201 sample did not show superconductivity even after the reducing treatments, superconductivity below 36 K was observed by substituting 40 % Nd for Ba. It is considered that our as-synthesized samples with n = 1-3 and n = 4, 5 are highly overdoped and slightly overdoped, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-168
Number of pages9
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 May 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Hg-Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu-O
  • High pressure synthesis
  • Homologous series
  • Post annealing
  • Superconductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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