Comparison of Stress Reduction Effects Among Heartbeat Feedback Modalities

Kodai Ito, Hiroshi Suga, Ryota Horie, Mitsunori Tada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


False heartbeat feedback is a method to provide a modified heartbeat to the participant. It is known to be effective for relieving stress even without instructions. In this study, we compared the effects of false heartbeat feedback on stress reduction among three different modalities, audio, visual, and audio-visual. For this purpose, we developed a feedback system using mixed reality (MR) head-mounted display (HMD) and a wrist band heart rate sensor. Using this system, we performed the experiment where the participants were asked to move small beans from one dish to the other by chopsticks as a stress task. At the same time, they were provided with a false heartbeat in a different modality. The results of the questionnaire showed a stress-reducing effect in audio feedback. In contrast, the results of the heart rate variability (HRV) analysis suggested a stress-reducing effect in visual feedback. In both analyses, audio-visual feedback did not show a stress-reducing effect, suggesting that the combination of multiple modalities has a negative effect on stress reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHCI International 2020 - Posters - 22nd International Conference, HCII 2020, Proceedings
EditorsConstantine Stephanidis, Margherita Antona
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9783030507251
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 2020 Jul 192020 Jul 24

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume1224 CCIS
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937


Conference22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020


  • False feedback
  • Heart rate
  • Heartbeat
  • Stress reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Mathematics(all)


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