Critical currents and flux creep in melt processed high Tc oxide superconductors

M. Murakami, S. Gotoh, N. Koshizuka, S. Tanaka, T. Matsushita, S. Kambe, K. Kitazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

271 Citations (Scopus)


YBa2Cu3O7 crystals fabricated by a quench and melt growth process contain fine Y2BaCuO5 particles. These fine precipitates are considered to have three beneficial effects: they suppress crack formation; they promote oxygen diffusion; and they act as pinning centres. Such crystals exhibit larger flux pinning than single crystals and their magnetic behaviour can be understood in terms of the critical state model which has been developed for conventional type II superconductors. Both transport and magnetization measurements gave Jc values exceeding 30 000 A cm-2 at 77 K and 1 T. Flux creep rate is also much smaller than that of single crystals and a value of pinning energy, U, comparable to that of conventional superconductors was obtained. A theoretical estimation of the contribution of 211 precipitates to flux pinning is also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-396
Number of pages7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1990 May
Externally publishedYes


  • critical currents
  • critical state model
  • flux creep
  • flux pinning
  • superconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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