Density determination for oxide scale formed on steel plate considering non-stoichiometry of Fe1-xO

Saori Shinohara, Rie Endo, Takashi Watanabe, Miyuki Hayashi, Hiroshi Tanei, Masahiro Susa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Density of oxide scale formed on steel is essential to derive thermal conductivity, which is used for the process simulation for cooling of steel plate in hot-rolling of steelmaking. Thus, the aim of this research was to propose the density determination method for the oxide scale. The samples used were prepared by the high-temperature oxidation of iron plate, consisting of 96% Fe1-xO and 4%Fe3O4, and there were voids in the Fe1-xO layer. The density was determined by four methods based on (1) thickness and mass of oxide scale, (2) the mass balance in the sample, (3) volume balance in the sample, and (4) single crystal density and volume of voids. All of the methods considered the non-stoichiometry of Fe1-xO because the perfect FeO has a much larger density. The density of the oxide scale was firstly determined by assuming that the oxide scale consisted only of Fe1-xO. The methods (1) and (2) did not show reasonable density and reproducibility. The results by methods (3) and (4) showed reasonable values with good reproducibility. The density was then determined again by methods (3) and (4), taking into account the presence of Fe3O4. It is also discussed the effect of density revision on the thermal diffusivity/conductivity determination of the oxide scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-557
Number of pages7
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul
Externally publishedYes


  • Density
  • FeO
  • Oxide scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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