Detection of CO(J = 1-0) emission from barred spiral galaxies at z ∼ 0.1

Kana Matsui, Kazuo Sorai, Yoshimasa Watanabe, Nario Kuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We present the results of CO(J = 1-0) observations toward nine barred spiral galaxies at z = 0.08-0.25 using the 45m telescope at Nobeyama Radio Observatory. This survey is the first one specializing in barred spiral galaxies in this redshift range. We detected CO emission in six galaxies out of nine, whose CO luminosities (L′CO) ranged (1.09-10.8) × 109 Kkms-1 pc2. These six are the infrared dimmest galaxies that have ever been detected in CO at z ∼ 0.1 to date. They follow the L0CO-LIR (IR luminosity) relation among such galaxies as local spiral galaxies, luminous infrared galaxies, ultra-luminous infrared galaxies, and submillimeter galaxies. Their L′CO and LIR are higher than those of local spiral galaxies, which have been detected in CO so far; LIR=L′CO, which is a measure of the star-formation efficiency, is comparable to, or slightly higher than, that of local ones. This result suggests that these six galaxies are forming stars more actively than local spiral galaxies simply because they have more fuel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-559
Number of pages9
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • Galaxies: star formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Detection of CO(J = 1-0) emission from barred spiral galaxies at z ∼ 0.1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this