Development of Ankle Foot Orthosis (AFO) Using Pneumatic Artificial Muscle for Disabled Children

N. Z. Ishak, S. Mohamaddan, A. M.N.A. Kamaruddin, H. Khamis, S. Yamamoto, S. Z.M. Dawal

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Ankle foot orthosis (AFO) are commonly used to correct the instabilities and joint weakness of lower limb. In this research, AFO was developed by using pneumatic artificial muscle (PAM) to prevent plantarflexion to occur and also to correct the foot from the inversion syndrome. The research started with designing the AFO by using SolidWorks software based on anthropometry measurement data (n=5, age=12 years old). The mechanical simulation was conducted by using Autodesk Inventor software to obtain a safety factor before the fabrication process was conducted. The AFO was fabricated using 3D printer and the thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) rubber was selected as the material. PAM was tested by using test bed machine to generate the force and contraction by muscle. The result shows that the PAM was suitable for low speed as the displacement was greater. The AFO could be valuable for the gait rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number02031
JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event9th International Unimas Stem Engineering Conference, ENCON 2016 - Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Duration: 2016 Oct 262016 Oct 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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