Development of Batch Type Convection Dryer for Fish Cracker Manufacturing

Muhammad Naim Leman, Shahrol Mohamaddan, Ana Sakura Zainal Abidin, Mohamad Syazwan Zafwan Mohamad Suffian, Khairul Fikri Tamrin, Rubiyah Baini, Akihiko Hanafusa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Manual production of fish cracker is inherenly inefficient with low productivity. Mechanisation and automation of the drying process which constitutes a major process would contribute to increase production. In this study, a batch type convection dryer for fish cracker with a capacity of 2 kg was developed. The prototype with a dimension of 89-cm length, 72-cm width and 60-cm height consists of a drying chamber, moving tray, transmission system, heating element and control system. A moving tray concept was applied for the machine design. The maximum temperature that can be reached in the chamber without load is 40.0 °C. Two different air velocities of 1.5 m/s and 2.0 m/s were applied in both simulation and experimental study. The higher air velocity was observed to shorten the time taken to heat the overall drying chamber. It was observed that the air velocity is higher when the tray rotates close to the fan inlet at the angle of 135°. The simulation results are consistent with the experiment in terms of temperature profile and air velocity. As a result, the dryer has successfully improved the drying hygiene and maintain the quality of fish cracker produced.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability - Proceedings of ICIMES 2021
EditorsA. N. Reddy, Deepak Marla, Margarita N. Favorskaya, Suresh Chandra Satapathy
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9789811664816
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventInternational Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability, ICIMES 2021 - Hyderabad, India
Duration: 2021 Jun 182021 Jun 19

Publication series

NameSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
ISSN (Print)2190-3018
ISSN (Electronic)2190-3026


ConferenceInternational Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability, ICIMES 2021


  • CFD
  • Convection dryer
  • Fish cracker
  • Food drying
  • Moving tray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science(all)


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