Effects of cerium oxide nanoparticles on adenine-induced chronic kidney disease model rats

Yuki Kanome, Jiaqi Gao, Akiko Hashimoto, Yukihiro Ogawa, Masaharu Nakatsu, Masahiro Kohno, Koji Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aim: Cerium oxide, particularly in nanoparticle form (nanoceria), has been investigated for biomedical applications as a promising new agent for treating several pathologies. The aim of the present study was to characterize the pharmacologic effects of nanoceria in an animal model of chronic kidney disease. Methods: We created the chronic kidney disease animal model by feeding rats a 0.25% adenine diet. Male Wistar rats were divided into five groups: normal diet, 0.25% adenine diet, or adenine diet containing three different doses or durations of nanoceria treatment. Blood was collected weekly from the tail veins of each rat and analyzed for renal function markers. After 5 weeks, various biochemical markers in serum, plasma, and urine were also analyzed. Results: In the adenine-treated group, body weight was significantly decreased, and the kidneys lost much of their healthy reddish color and became lumpy and white in appearance. In addition, levels of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and plasma uremic toxins were significantly increased in adenine-treated rats compared with controls. Renal functional and structural damage in adenine diet model rats tended to be ameliorated by nanoceria ingestion. The high-dose cerium-treated group maintained reddish areas in the kidneys, and the increases in biomarker levels of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and inorganic phosphorus were markedly reduced, regardless of treatment duration. Conclusions: Ingestion of nanoceria may be effective for improving or preventing renal damage caused by adenine. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024; 24: 88–95.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar


  • CKD
  • adenine
  • kidney
  • nanoceria
  • rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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