Electrical properties of lithiumlanthanum silicate oxyapatites

Susumu Nakayama, Koichi Nishijima, Hisami Tsuji, Masaki Shiomi, Mariko Ando, Hajime Kiyono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lithiumlanthanum silicate oxyapatite exhibits high lithium-ion conductivity at temperatures above 400°C. To further enhance its ionic conductivity, the relationships among the microstructure, bulk conductivity, and grain boundary conductivity were investigated for Li-rich compositions. LixLa10 xSi6O27 x (x = 18), Li5La5Si5O20, Li5La5Si4.5O19, Li6 La4Si4.5O18, and Li7La3Si4O16 were synthesized, and their ionic conductivities were determined. Using X-ray diffraction, Li2La8Si6O25, Li5 La5Si5O20, Li5 La5Si4.5O19, Li6 La4Si4.5O18, and Li7 La3Si4O16 were analyzed to be close to the apatite phase with few impurities. Scanning electron microscopy/energydispersive X-ray spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance analyses revealed that the lithiumsilicate glass phase increases with respect to the apatite phase in the following order: Li2La8Si6O25 < Li5La5Si5O20 < Li5La5Si4.5O19 < Li6La4Si4.5O18 < Li7La3Si4O16. Further, as the La/Si ratio of the apatite phase increases, the chemical composition changes from Li1La9Si6O26 to Li3La7Si6O24. Both the bulk (apatite phase) and the grain boundary (glass phase) resistivities at 400°C decreased in the order Li5La5Si5O20 > Li5La5Si4.5O19 > Li6La4Si4.5O18 > Li7La3Si4O16. The apparent activation energies for the bulk ion conductivity of Li5La5Si5O20, Li5La5Si4.5O19, Li6La4Si4.5O18, and Li7La3Si4O16 were 57.3, 47.6, 43.0, and 40.4 kJ mol-1, respectively. The total conductivities (bulk + grain boundary conductivities) of Li7La3Si4O16 (8.1 × 10-3S cm 1 at 400°C) was approximately four times higher than that of Li1.08LaSiO4.04 (2.2 × 10-3Scm-1 at 400°C), which has been previously reported to have the highest ionic conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-905
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 1


  • 7Li NMR
  • Analytical electron microscope
  • Arrhenius plot
  • Hexagonal apatite-type crystal structure
  • Nyquist plot
  • Solid-state reaction method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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