In various ferroelectric-based photovoltaic materials after low-band-gap engineering, the process by which high-field polarization induces the depolarizing electric field (Edp) to accelerate the electron-hole pair separation in the visible light photocatalytic process is still a great challenge. Herein, a series of semiconducting KN-based ferroelectric catalytic materials with narrow multi-band gaps and high-field polarization capabilities are obtained through the Ba, Ni, and Bi co-doping strategy. Stable Edpcaused by high-field poling enhanced the visible photocatalytic hydrogen evolution in a 0.99KN-0.01BNB sample with a narrow band gap and optimal ferroelectricity, which can be 5.4 times higher than that of the unpoled sample. The enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution rate can be attributed to the synergistic effect of the significant reduction of the band gap and the high-field-polarization-induced Edp. The change in the band position in the poled sample further reveals that high-field poling may accelerate the migration of carriers through band bending. Insights into the mechanism by which catalytic activity is enhanced through high-field-polarization-induced Edpmay pave the way for further development of ferroelectric-based catalytic materials in the photocatalytic field.
- Ba/Ni/Bi-modified KNbO
- high-field poling
- phase structures
- photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
- semiconducting ferroelectrics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science