Evaluation of luminance non-uniformity ("mura") in liquid crystal displays by observations of just noticeable differences

Yumi Mori, Tohru Tamura, Ryoji Yoshitake, Kiyo Moriguchi, Satoshi Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


An analytical approach using human perception has been introduced to evaluate the front-of-screen (FOS) quality of liquid crystal displays (LCDs), especially regarding the regions of the luminance non-uniformity called "mura". The word "mura" is a Japanese term similar to "blemish" and has been adopted in English to provide a precise name for certain imperfections of the display pixel matrix surfaces that are visible when the display is in active use. The accurate and consistent detection of the mura is extremely difficult because there are various shapes and sizes of mura and the inspection results tend to depend on the inspectors during the manufacturing process. We conducted a study on the quantitative evaluation of mura based on visual analysis, intending to clarify the detection method and create an automated mura inspection process. We developed an algorithm to extract and evaluate mura by using a hardware system based on a commercially available CCD camera and a PC with an image processor board. This system can successfully identify and evaluate mura. We converted the front-of-screen (FOS) images from the LCDs into distributions of luminance information, and the mura regions were distinguished from the background area. In order to match the evaluation results of mura to the human perception further, we conducted a perception test with some expert inspectors by using pseudo mura and this approach led to "just noticeable differences" according to the varieties of mura. This paper describes the research in human perception and the approach to adapt the intrinsic rule of sensory analysis to the quantitative evaluation of mura.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1685-1688
Number of pages4
JournalSID Conference Record of the International Display Research Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
EventAsia Display/IDW 2001 - Nagoya, Japan
Duration: 2002 Oct 162002 Oct 19


  • Human perception
  • Liquid crystal displays
  • Mura
  • Quantitative evaluation
  • Sensory analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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