“Eye Movements for Deaf Individuals in JSL/Japanese Bilingual Message Reading”

Kazuo Kamata, Shunichi Yonemura, Shinichiro Eitoku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Presentation of bilingual messages with Japanese sign language (JSL) and Japanese for deaf people at emergency situations is one of important issues in designing emergency messaging systems. In this paper, we discuss characteristics for eye movements and fixations in reading for three deaf individuals. The results for these analyses show interesting reading behaviours of deaf individuals. When two message areas overlap every subject pays attention on this area. When two message areas are separated, deaf individual pays mainly gaze upon a specific message area. Results for analyses also show variation in message reading behaviour. In the last part of the paper, we point out issues to be considered thoroughly in designing an effective bilingual message system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-235
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Institute of Image Electronics Engineers of Japan
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Bilingual message
  • Deaf people
  • Emergency messages
  • Eye movements
  • Signed language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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