Fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals by femtosecond laser interference

Shigeki Matsuo, Toshiaki Kondo, Saulius Juodkazis, Vygantas Mizeikis, Hiroaki Misawa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


We describe a novel microfabrication method based on interference of several coherent laser pulses in photosensitive media. The method allows to transform the periodic multidimensional interference patterns into periodic modulation of dielectric properties of the material, and is therefore potentially suitable for the photonic crystal fabrication in materials like photoresists, photosensitive glasses, and others. We have fabricated one, two, and three-dimensional photonic crystals with different lattices and sub-micrometer periods. The fabricated structures have high structural quality, as evidenced by confocal and scanning electron microscopies. Furthermore, using numerical simulations we explore the possibilities to obtain body-centered-cubic and diamond photonic crystal lattices by varying optical phases of the interfering beams. Numerical simulations are also used to reveal photonic bandgap properties of some 2D phhotonic crystals, fabricated using this technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 25
Externally publishedYes
EventPhotonic Bandgap Materials and Devices 2002 - San Jose, United States
Duration: 2002 Jan 192002 Jan 25


  • Diffractive beam splitter
  • Femtosecond laser
  • Laser interference
  • Multi-photon process
  • Photonic crystal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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