Flux Pinning and Superconducting Properties of Bulk MgB2 with MgB4 Addition

Muralidhar Miryala, Sai Srikanth Arvapalli, Pavel Diko, Milos Jirsa, Masato Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The improved performance of bulk MgB2 material with added nanometer-sized MgB4 particles is presented. Bulk polycrystalline MgB2 samples with varying amount of MgB4 x (x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 10 wt%) are fabricated by solid-state sintering at 775 °C for 3 h in pure argon gas. Microstructural studies indicate formation of nanometer-sized grains when MgB4 is added. Density of nano-grains is inversely proportional to the MgB4 content. The MgB2 sample with 1 wt% of MgB4 shows the best performance, with its self-field critical current density reaching 385 and 315 kAcm−2 at 15 and 20 K, respectively. Flux pinning diagrams reveal the domination of grain boundary pinning mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900750
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1


  • MgB
  • MgB
  • flux pinning
  • grain refinement
  • improved J

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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