(Gd,Y,Er)Ba2Cu3Oy bulk superconducting system processed via infiltration growth

S. Pinmangkorn, M. Miryala, S. S. Arvapalli, M. Jirsa, T. Oka, N. Sakai, M. Murakami

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Ternary bulk REBa2Cu3Oy superconductors processed via oxygen-controlled melt growth (OCMG) have exhibited superior superconducting properties with respect to binary and single systems. However, the OCMG process is rather complicated, expensive, and difficult to scale-up into industrial level. To overcome these issues, we have studied the yet unexplored ternary bulk (Gd,Y,Er)Ba2Cu3Oy “(Gd,Y,Er)-123″ system, fabricated via trendy infiltration growth (IG) process. We studied the effect of varying Y-211 and Er-211 ratio (Gd: Y: Er = 0.33: 0.33-x: 0.33+x, where x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2) in the preform on the final superconducting properties and microstructure. We succeeded to fabricate (Gd,Y,Er)-123 single-grain bulks (diameter – 20 mm). The critical current density (Jc) and trapped field increased proportionally with the increased amount of Er-211 in the preform. Hall-probe measurements showed that the best bulk (x = 0.2) exhibited trapped field of 0.53 T at 77 K (applied field of 1 T) and self-field Jc values of 238 and 63 kA/cm2 at 50 and 77 K, respectively. FE-SEM micrographs revealed formation of two different types of secondary phases in the matrix (small and large). EDX analysis showed that the smaller 211 particles were Er-rich, while the larger ones were an irregular mixture of three RE-211 phases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number160535
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 10


  • (Gd,Y,Er)-123
  • (Gd,Y,Er)-211
  • Infiltration growth
  • Ternary bulk superconductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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