High-Temperature oxidation of cathodically hydrogen-charged two-phase (Ti3Al, TiAl) titanium aluminides

Akito Takasaki, Kozo Ojima, Youji Taneda

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Ti-42A1, Ti-45A1, and Ti-5OA1 (at. pct) titanium aluminides, which were cathodically hydrogen charged in a 5 pct H2SO4 solution for charging times between 1.8 ks (0.5 hours) and 14.4 ks (4 hours), were oxidized in a static air under atmospheric pressure at temperatures between 1170 K (897 °C) and 1350 K (1077 °C). All the hydrogen-charged alloys, as well as alloys without hydrogen charging, followed parabolic oxidation kinetics. The weight gains of the alloys after hydrogen charging for normally less than 3.6 ks (1 hour) were 20 to 30 pct less than those without hydrogen charging. In the alloys charged with hydrogen for more than 7.2 ks (2 hours), the weight gains increased with increasing the charging time. The activation energies of oxidation indicated that the oxidation-controlling factor would change after a charging time of 7.2 ks (2 hours) in all the alloys. The decrease in the activation energies with charging time was more drastic in the Ti-5OA1 alloy, which suggested that hydrogen damage, such as cracking, was more severe in the Ti-50Al alloy than in the Ti-42A1 or Ti-45A1 alloys. The formation of cracks during hydrogen charging provides titanium-diffusion paths and accelerates formation of rutile (TiO2) scale on the surface of the alloys. The TiO2 on the alloys after hydrogen charging formed at a comparatively lower temperature than that on the alloys without charging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2491-2496
Number of pages6
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Nov
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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