Hot-seeding melt growth of large (Sm-Eu) 123 single domains in air with controlled chemical substitutions

A. Hu, N. Sakai, M. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Hot-seeding melt growth of large (Sm-Eu)123 single domains has been investigated in air with Nd123 seeds. A homogenization at the partial molten state, which was achieved by annealing at 1100 °C for half an hour and at 1070 °C for 2 to 4 hours before seeding, was the key to the growth of large single domains with a diameter more than 3 cm. After seeding one sample was grown in a slow cooling at 0.3 °C/hour for 120 hours. The other sample was grown with a fast cooling at a rate of 2 °C/hour for 15 hours followed by a 0.3 °C/hour slow cooling for 100 hours. The measurements of local Tc and Jc values over the entire bulks evidenced that a large spatial variation in the superconducting properties was observed in the sample grown with the former thermal schedule, while the latter thermal profile favored the growth of near stoichiometric (SmxEu1-x) Ba2Cu3O7-δ over the whole processing and thereby significantly enhanced the field trapping capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3079-3082
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number2 III
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun
Externally publishedYes
Event2002 Applied Superconductivity Conference - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: 2002 Aug 42002 Aug 9


  • Chemical substitution
  • Cooling rate
  • Hot-seeding
  • Melt-process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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