Influences of powder characteristic and compacting condition on solid-state synthesis of Mg2Si

K. Kondoh, H. Oginuma, A. Yuasa, T. Aizawa, A. Kimura

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7 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of the raw powder characteristics and compacting condition on the solid-state synthesis of Mg2Si from elemental Mg-Si mixture powder has been examined by thermal analysis using DSC thermogram. The Mg2Si synthesis progresses at the lower temperature range when employing the fine Mg powder, because of the increase in the contacting area between the Mg and Si particles. In employing fine Si powder, the endothermic heat due to the appearance of liquid phase of Mg at 920 K decreases remarkably. MgO film, covering the Mg powder surface, prevents the Mg2Si synthesis due to its thermal stability, however SiO2 surface film is not so effective because of the deoxidization by Mg during heating. Concerning the effect of the compaction pressure, when the hard Si particles are embedded in the Mg powder after compacting the mixture powder, the mechanical breakage of the thermally stable MgO surface film occurs. Therefore, the enlargement of the contacting clean area between Mg and Si particles causes the progress of the Mg2Si synthesis at the lower temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-823
Number of pages8
JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Compacting pressure
  • Contacting area
  • Differential scanning calorimeter
  • MgSi
  • Solid-state synthesis
  • Surface oxide film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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