Infrared study on graded lattice quality in thin GaN crystals grown on sapphire

Noritaka Kuroda, Takuya Kitayama, Yohei Nishi, Kazuya Saiki, Hiroyuki Yokoi, Junji Watanabe, Meoungwham Cho, Takashi Egawa, Hiroyasu Ishikawa

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Transverse-optical (TO) and longitudinal-optical (LO) phonons in Si-doped and undoped n-GaN films have been studied by infrared reflection spectroscopy. The former film has been grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) to a thickness of 2.3 μm, while the latter by hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) to a thickness of 35 μm. Both films are deposited on the c-surface of sapphire substrates with the surface of the c-plane of the wurtzite structure. Oblique-incidence infrared reflection spectroscopy has permitted us to observe the A1 mode, as well as the E1 mode, of polar optical phonons. The reflection spectra observed for s- and p-polarizations can be described well in terms of Gervais and Piriou's four-parameter semi-quantum oscillator model taking account of the LO-phonon-plasmon coupling. It is found that in the MOCVD-grown film, the damping energies of the phonons are markedly graded along the growth direction of the film. It is suggested that the lattice strain is quite large in the interface zone but is reduced rapidly upon going beyond about 1 μm from the interface. Accordingly, the HVPE film has a good lattice quality throughout the film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-650
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number2 A
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 8
Externally publishedYes


  • Damping energy
  • GaN/sapphire
  • Graded lattice quality
  • Oblique-incidence infrared reflection
  • Optical phonons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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