Layer Activation Mechanism for Asynchronous Executions in JavaScript

Hiroaki Fukuda, Paul Leger, Nicolás Cardozo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In modern software development with JavaScript, an asynchronous execution model is often adopted to prevent freezing execution triggered by the blocking operations. JavaScript is now used in various types of applications for the Web, smartphones, and server-side due to its rich ecosystem. In such applications, programmers implement several concerns that should perform different behavior according to the current identified context. Context-Oriented Programming (COP) posits layers as an abstraction to manage such concerns. With COP, programmers can implement context dependent application behavior in a layer, then (de)activate such layers when the context changes, leading to a change in the system behavior. Additionally, COP offers different scoping strategies which define when and how layers should be (de)activated. The dynamic extent of layers is one of such scoping strategies, which encapsulates the duration of a layer within a block, then deactivates the layer when the block execution ends. However, applying an asynchronous execution model breaks the semantics of dynamic extent because the result of an asynchronous execution generally returns when the caller of the asynchronous execution goes through the block. Existing work proposes a variant of the dynamic extent that activates a layer for a block and its logically-connected asynchronous operations by keeping information across them. However, that proposal only supports one of three kinds of asynchronous operations used in JavaScript (MacroTask, EventTask, and MicroTask). This paper extends on the existing work to support a layer activation mechanism with a scoping strategy that fulfills all three kinds of asynchronous operations in JavaScript. We show the benefit of our proposal through the implementation of a real world application for smartphones.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCOP 2022 - Proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Context-Oriented Programming and Advanced Modularity, Co-located with ECOOP 2022
EditorsYudai Tanabe, Jens Lincke, Robert Hirschfeld, Atsushi Igarashi, Hidehiko Masuhara
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781450399869
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 7
Event14th International Workshop on Context-Oriented Programming and Advanced Modularity, COP 2022 - Co-located with ECOOP 2022 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 2022 Jun 7 → …

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series

Conference

Conference14th International Workshop on Context-Oriented Programming and Advanced Modularity, COP 2022 - Co-located with ECOOP 2022
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityBerlin
Period22/6/7 → …

Keywords

  • Context-Oriented Programming
  • JavaScript
  • asynchronous execution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Layer Activation Mechanism for Asynchronous Executions in JavaScript'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this