Melting behavior of alumina particles in plasma spraying

Susumu Uematsu, Chiori Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The collection of flying particles in plasma spraying has been performed by use of a chemical filter and a carbon adhesive tape and subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The observation reveals that the fusion mechanism of large and thick ceramic particles is different from that of smaller ceramic or metal particles. After introducing alumina particles into plasma jet, the separation occurs at the 1-2 micron under the surface of particles by the thermal stress. This separated thin layer prevents the internal thermal conduction in the particle and is heated up to completely melted by plasma flame. The melted part moves to the end of solid part and remains at the side edges of solid. At the same time the next separation and melting sequence starts at the solid surface followed by the melting parts apart from the solid to be a single and connected sphere particles before impact the substrate. This observation also provides an excellent method visualizing the particle melting process in the plasma jet without a special equipment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Alumina particles
  • Carbon tape
  • Chemical filter
  • Melting behavior
  • Plasma spraying
  • Wipe test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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