Nano-lamination in amorphous carbon for tailored coating in micro-dry stamping of AISI-304 stainless steel sheets

Tatsuhiko Aizawa, Eiji Iwamura, Kuniyoshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Nano-lamination is a new way to make full use of multi-layered structure for coating instead of the mono-layered coating system. Different from the conventional nano-lamination approach, where two different kinds of material system are deposited in layers, the amorphous carbon layer, a-C:H, is alternatively deposited with graphite-like cluster layer, resulting in an amorphous carbon base nano-laminated coating. In this nano-lamination, the pulse bias voltage and the pulse duration time are programmed to control the bi-layer thickness and number of laminates. Furthermore, the mechanical properties are also controllable by varying the bi-layer thickness and sub-layer ratio. In this paper, the effect of number of layers and bi-layer thickness on the mechanical properties is investigated by the nano-indentation technique. Higher hardness and Young's modulus is attained with reduction of bi-layer thickness. The scratching test of this nano-laminated coating is made to demonstrate that it has sufficient scratch load above 100 N. Furthermore, a dry micro stamping test is performed to prove that this nano-laminated coating has sufficient wear-toughness enough to make dry stamping in 10,000 times in practice even if it has nearly the same Young's modulus and hardness as the mono-layered coating. No delamination or break-away occurs on the ironed surface of coated tools while severe delamination is observed in the conventional mono-layered coating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)794-798
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number5-7
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 25


  • AISI-304 stainless steel sheets
  • Amorphous carbon
  • Mechanical properties
  • Micro-dry stamping
  • Nanolamination
  • WC tool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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