Photonic lattices achieved with high-power femtosecond laser microexplosion in transparent solid materials

Hong Bo Sun, Ying Xu, Saulius Juodkazis, Kai Sun, Junji Nishii, Yoshihisa Suzuki, Shigeki Matsuo, Hiroaki Misawa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We propose and utilize ultrashort laser pulses to tailor three-dimensional microstructures and their optical properties. When an intense femtosecond pulse was tightly focused into some transparent materials, a laser-induced microexplosion occurred, generating void holes inside the medium. When the thus-fabricated holes or cylinders were regularly organized, a microstructure with a periodic refractive index distribution was accomplished, which was liable to act as a photonic crystal structure. One-, two, and three-dimensional photonic lattices have been acquired by using this technique. Significant photonic band gap effects were confirmed by transmission measurements. The unique feature of the ultrashort laser micromachining of photonic crystal structures was the availability of arbitrary spatial geometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-142
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
EventHigh-Power Lasers in Manufacturing - Osaka, Jpn
Duration: 1999 Nov 11999 Nov 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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