A low-damage photoresist ashing process was developed for the fabrication of thin-film transistor liquid-crystal displays (TFT-LCDs). This process utilizes a downflow plasma using a carbon tetrafluoride/oxygen (CF4/O2) gas mixture at room temperature. Although this process simultaneously achieves a high ashing rate and a low etching rate for an underlying amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) film containing hydrogen (H), contact resistance increases. We achieved contact resistances of less than 2 kΩ by the addition of ammonia (NH3) gas into the CF4/O2 gas mixture plasma. The ratio of reactive fluorine radicals (F) to argon atoms (Ar) decreased with increasing NH3 gas flow rate and became less than 0.7 at the NH3 gas flow rate higher than 15 sccm. Reaction products formed on a-Si:H films by the addition of NH3 gas to the CF4/O2 gas mixture plasma obstructed the etching of the a-Si:H films by F. On the basis of plasma analysis results for the CF4/O2/NH3 gas mixture, a possible mechanism for low damage to a-Si:H films was proposed.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Jul|
- Amorphous silicon
- Downflow plasma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)