Pinning centres in NEG-123 active at liquid oxygen temperature (90.2 K)

M. Muralidhar, N. Sakai, M. Jirsa, M. Murakami, N. Koshizuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We present a new type of (Nd, Eu, Gd) Ba2Cu3Oy 'NEG-123' material for superconducting permanent magnets for use at liquid oxygen temperature (90.2 K). This material exhibits an exceptionally high flux pinning up to the close vicinity of Tc. The improvement of the flux pinning was achieved by externally added ball-milled secondary phase particles that partially transformed during the technological process to a new type of nanometre-scale Zr-rich particles. The critical current density improved by one order of magnitude at 77 and 90 K as compared to those of other RE-123 type materials. The exceptional trapped field at 90.2 K enabled a levitation experiment at liquid oxygen temperature, which proved that these materials can be used as superconducting permanent magnets at 90 K. We point out that this technology can be easily adapted for mass production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S66-S69
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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