Preparation and characterization of highly c-axis-oriented Bi4Ti3O12 thin films

Masaki Yamaguchi, Kensuke Kawanabe, Takao Nagatomo, Osamu Omoto

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Highly c-axis-oriented bismuth titanate (Bi4Ti3O12) thin films were prepared on (100)-oriented silicon wafers by rf planar magnetron sputtering using a target of Bi2TiO5 ceramic at a low substrate temperature of 600°C. The films with a c-axis orientation up to 99% were obtained under high deposition rate approximately 1.1 μm h 1. Dielectric constant of these films were dependence of film thickness. This behavior was explained assuming a low-dielectric-constant interface layer. Using this assumption, the dielectric constant of Bi4Ti3O12 film was estimated to be approximately 140. This value is similar to that along the c-axis in a bulk form. A D E hysteresis characteristic has been observed at room temperature. The remanent polarization and the coercive field are 0.8 μC cm 2 and 20 k V cm 1, respectively. From analysis of refractive index, interface layer was confirmed an oxidized silicon, which was formed before and/or during film deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-142
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Oct 1


  • Crystalline structure
  • Dielectric properties
  • Refractive index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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