Pull-out test of anchor bolt for fastening lead damper to concrete foundation

Hayato Asada, Shoichi Kishiki, Akira Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pull-out tests on anchor bolts for fastening lead damper to concrete foundation were conducted to evaluate factors affecting pull-out behavior of anchor bolts. The main parameters were type of anchor bolt commonly used for anchorage of lead damper and layout of reinforcements around anchor bolt. The following results were obtained: (1) Vertical reinforcements arranged around anchor bolt contribute to increase in concrete breakout strength. (2) For long nut type anchor bolt, long nut length covered anchor bolt must be treated with enough care to avoid slipping anchor bolt. Because slipping failure lead to decrease in tensile strength and increase in pull-out displacement at failure. (3) The slope of the concrete cone was much flatter than 45 degree assuming in design procedure, regardless of the embedment depth, anchor type and reinforcement pattern. (4) Based on test results, simple concrete failure model was proposed. Using this model, effective radius of projected area were assessed 0.81le - 0.96le. These values were close to effective radius 1.0 le in existing design formula according to AIJ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-669
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Structural and Construction Engineering
Issue number649
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Base-isolated structure
  • Concrete cone failure
  • Connection
  • Lead damper
  • Pull-out behavior
  • Pull-out test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction


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