Reaction synthesis of titanium silicides via self-propagating reaction kinetics

Bing K. Yen, Tatsuhiko Aizawa, Junji Kihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Self-propagating exothermic reactions in the titanium-silicon system induced by mechanical milling, shock loading, and thermal ignition of elemental powder mixtures have been investigated. After an induction period of 3 h, the 5Ti + 3Si powder mixture abruptly reacted during milling to form single-phase Ti5Si3 via a mechanically induced self-propagating reaction (MSR). Moreover, the formation of porous Ti5Si3 solid indicated that the melting of powder particles had occurred during the mechanical alloying process. The Ti + Si powder mixture also reacted via the MSR mode, but the end-product was multiphase. Shock and combustion synthesis (thermal-explosion mode) experiments essentially produced the same result.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1953-1956
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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