Recent building system of pencil houses in Hanoi, Vietnam

Tomoyuki Gondo, Hirotake Kanisawa, Kazuya Shide, Yongsun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we focus on the building system of "Pencil houses" in Hanoi, Vietnam. Pencil houses are conventional houses: about five story reinforced concrete structure in urban narrow plot. Building pencil houses, households order a small worker team to build structural parts of pencil houses. These team, by themselves, can build large parts of houses including foundation, concrete forms, steel bars, casting concrete, laying brick walls, and plasters. We interviewed with ten these teams, two small construction companies, among others in Hanoi, and make clear the pencil house construction process, contracts system, and workers condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-402
Number of pages6
JournalAIJ Journal of Technology and Design
Issue number56
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb


  • Building system
  • Conventional construction
  • Hanoi
  • Materials
  • Pencil house

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction


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