Record critical current densities in IG processed bulk YBa2Cu3Oy fabricated using ball-milled Y2Ba1Cu1O5 phase

Miryala Muralidhar, Nakazato Kenta, Xian Lin Zeng, Michael R. Koblischka, Pavel Diko, Masato Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The infiltration-growth (IG) technique enables the uniform and controllable Y2BaCuO5 (Y211) secondary phase particles formation within the YBa2Cu3Oy (Y123) matrix. Recent results clarified that the flux pinning performance of the Y123 material was dramatically improved by optimizing the processing conditions during the IG process. In this paper, we adapted the IG technique and produced several samples with addition of nanometer-sized Y211 secondary phase particles, which were produced by a ball milling technique. We found that the performance of the IG processed Y123 material dramatically improved in the low field region for a ball milling time of 12 h as compared to the samples without a ball milling step. Magnetization measurements showed a sharp superconducting transition with an onset Tc at around 92 K. The critical current density (Jc) at 77 K and zero field was determined to be 224 022 Acm-2, which is higher than the not ball-milled sample. Furthermore, microstructural observations exhibited a uniform microstructure with homogenous distribution of nanosized Y-211 inclusions within the Y-123 matrix. The improved performance of the Y-123 material can be understood in terms of fine distribution of the secondary phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-449
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1


  • atomic force microscopy
  • copper-oxide superconductors
  • critical current density
  • flux pinning
  • infiltration growth
  • scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Record critical current densities in IG processed bulk YBa2Cu3Oy fabricated using ball-milled Y2Ba1Cu1O5 phase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this