Remarkably improved electrical conductivity of ZnO ceramics by cold sintering and post-heat-treatment

Yang Jing, Nengneng Luo, Shaohai Wu, Kai Han, Xinpeng Wang, Lei Miao, Yuezhou Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


High quality ZnO ceramics are required for transparent conductive oxide (TCO) films. In this work, high dense ZnO ceramics with density of ~ 97.5% were sintered by using Cold Sintering Process (CSP), and various post-heat-treating conditions (different types of atmosphere and temperature) were applied to optimize the microstructure and electrical conductivity. After post-heat-treatment, the crystallinity was improved, the relative density increased to > 99.0%, while the grain size exhibited small variations. The most significant improvements in electrical conductivity were observed for the sample post-heat-treated in Ar atmosphere, with more than four orders of enhancement from 0.0005 S/cm for the as-cold-sintered one to a maximum of 16.4 S/cm after post-heat-treating at 500 °C. Our work demonstrated an effective method for preparing high performance ZnO ceramics at ultralow temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20570-20574
Number of pages5
JournalCeramics International
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold sintering process
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Heat-treatment
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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