Room-temperature growth of carbon nanofibers on plastic substrates

Masaki Tanemura, H. Hatano, M. Kitazawa, J. Tanaka, T. Okita, S. P. Lau, H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, L. Huang, L. Miao, S. Tanemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


A very simple method to synthesize densely distributed carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on flexible plastic substrates at room temperature with no catalyst is demonstrated. Carbon film was deposited onto polyimide, poly-ethylene-terephthalate (PET) films, Si plates and a Ni mesh, which were then sputtered with obliquely incident Ar+ ions at 3 keV at room temperature. Linear-shaped CNFs oriented in the incidence direction of the ion beam grew on the sputtered substrates, as confirmed by scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopes (TEM). CNF growth on a PET substrate, which is a non-heat-tolerant plastic, has never been reported so far. CNFs thus grown were characterized as amorphous without a hollow structure. The diameter of CNFs was almost identical (20-30 nm) despite a large difference in CNF length (0.1-4 μm). In addition, the CNF-tipped cones were demonstrated to act successfully as a template to fabricate one dimensional (1-D) zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures on a PET substrate. Thus, it was believed that the ion-irradiation technique would open up a new approach to fabricate any kinds of 1-D nanomaterials on flexible substrates at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3663-3667
Number of pages5
JournalSurface Science
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sept 15
Externally publishedYes


  • C
  • Nanostructure
  • Sputtering
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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