Sequential injection chemiluminescence immunoassay for anionic surfactants using magnetic microbeads immobilized with an antibody

Ruiqi Zhang, Koji Hirakawa, Daisuke Seto, Nobuaki Soh, Koji Nakano, Takashi Masadome, Kazumi Nagata, Kazuhira Sakamoto, Toshihiko Imato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


A rapid and sensitive immunoassay for the determination of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) is described. The method involves a sequential injection analysis (SIA) system equipped with a chemiluminescence detector and a neodymium magnet. Magnetic beads, to which an anti-LAS monoclonal antibody was immobilized, were used as a solid support in an immunoassay. The introduction, trapping and release of the magnetic beads in the flow cell were controlled by means of a neodymium magnet and adjusting the flow of the carrier solution. The immunoassay was based on an indirect competitive immunoreaction of an anti-LAS monoclonal antibody on the magnetic beads and the LAS sample and horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled LAS, and was based on the subsequent chemiluminscence reaction of HRP with hydrogen peroxide and p-iodophenol, in a luminol solution. The anti-LAS antibody was immobilized on the beads by coupling the antibody with the magnetic beads after activation of a carboxylate moiety on the surface of magnetic beads that had been coated with a polylactic acid film. The antibody immobilized magnetic beads were introduced, and trapped in the flow cell equipped with the neodymium magnet, an LAS solution containing HRP-labeled LAS at constant concentration and the luminol solution were sequentially introduced into the flow cell based on an SIA programmed sequence. Chemiluminescence emission was monitored by means of a photon counting unit located at the upper side of the flow cell by collecting the emitted light with a lens. A typical sigmoid calibration curve was obtained, when the logarithm of the concentration of LAS was plotted against the chemiluminescence intensity using various concentrations of standard LAS samples (0-500 ppb) under optimum conditions. The time required for analysis is less than 15 min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-238
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 15


  • Anionic surfactants
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Immunoassay
  • Magnetic microbeads
  • Sequential injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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