Sunlight exposure-mediated DNA damage in young adults

Masashi Kato, Machiko Iida, Yuji Goto, Takaaki Kondo, Ichiro Yajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Previous experimental studies showed that single ultraviolet B (UVB) light irradiation increased levels of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a well-established biomarker of carcinogenesis and oxidative DNA damage, in epithelial cells in animals and humans. We conducted for the first time an epidemiologic study to investigate the correlations among levels of oxidative DNA damage, skin pigmentation, and sunlight exposure in human daily life. Methods: Digitalized skin pigmentation levels and creatinine-adjusted urinary 8-OHdG levels were examined in 127 healthy young adults aged 20 to 24 years and in hairless mice with normal pigmented skin (HL-mice; n = 20) and hyperpigmented skin (HL-HPS-mice; n = 20). Data obtained by a questionnaire were also analyzed for the 127 subjects. Results: Binary logistic regression analysis showed that increased sunlight intensity, but not sunlight-exposed time or sunlight-exposed skin area, was correlated with elevation in creatinine-adjusted urinary 8-OHdG levels. In contrast, increased skin pigmentation level, but not the use of sunscreen, was correlated with reduction in urinary 8-OHdG level in humans. UVB irradiation corresponding to several minutes of sunlight exposure significantly increased urinary 8-OHdG levels in HL-mice but not in HL-HPS-mice. Conclusions: We showed that increase in intensity of sunlight in human daily life increased levels of DNA damage. We also showed a protective effect of skin pigmentation on sunlight exposure-mediated DNA damage. Impact: We have provided more reliable evidence of routine sunlight exposure-mediated DNA damage in humans through the combination of epidemiologic and experimental studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1622-1628
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology


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