Survey on indoor airborne particle and PM 2.5 in office buildings

Naoki Kagi, Naoya Nishimura, U. Yanagi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Characterization and emission of indoor sub-micron aerosols have been of great interest. This study aimed at investigating for characteristics of particle concentrations for size distribution in office buildings. The number of size distributions, PM 2.5 and SPM (less than 10 μm) mass concentrations were measured in 15 large office buildings that were over 3,000m 2 of total floor areas and had central HVAC systems. As a result, the mass concentration shows a bimodal distribution at around 0.2-0.3 μm and 4 μm, while the number concentration has a smaller peak at 0.02 to 0.05 μm. The results of other buildings have the same trend of particle size-distributions. Every mass concentration was relatively low, except for the building, which had smoking area inside. PM 2.5 ratios (PM 2.5/SPM conc.) were around 0.8, and therefore SPM forms the greater part of PM 2.5. The peak of mass concentration distribution around 0.2 μm has a great effect on PM 2.5 concentrations. The sub-micron particles might penetrate through filter media in HVAC systems from outdoor air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-616
Number of pages4
JournalAIJ Journal of Technology and Design
Issue number39
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Airborne particle
  • Indoor air quality
  • Office building
  • PM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction


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