The effects of formwork types and curing period on the concrete surface quality

Akari Shibuya, Shinya Kitagawa, Takeshi Iyoda

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Quality of the surface concrete layer is important to keep durability of concrete structure. The beauty of concrete surface is also important. However, there are many cases that some initial defects occur. The past research has reported that using formworks coated by water repellent preparation and lengthening compaction time by vibration are able to reduce surface bubbles. In this research, we changed formwork types and curing periods. We considered what is affecting between surface bubbles and denseness of surface layer. As a result, surface bubble ratio depends on different formwork types, but the denseness of concrete didnt affect by types of formworks. On the other hand, quality of surface concrete strongly depended on curing periods. We measured elastic wave velocity by the ultrasonic speed measurement tool for estimating denseness of concrete. There was a good relationship between elastic wave velocity and air permeability and water permeability on surface concrete layer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSustainable Construction Materials and Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event5th International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, SCMT 2019 - Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
Duration: 2019 Jul 142019 Jul 17


  • Elastic wave velocity
  • Formworks
  • Surface bubbles
  • The quality of the surface layer of concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Materials Science


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