The modulation of the peak effect in melt-processed (Sm-Eu)123 superconductors with compositional fluctuations

A. Hu, H. Zhou, D. X. Huang, N. Chikumoto, N. Sakai, M. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The peak effect in magnetization loops of melt-processed (SmxEu1-x)Ba2Cu3O7-δ superconductors is manipulated by varying the Sm/Eu ratio in the initial composition. In all the samples the peak field BP(T), at which the magnetization moment reaches the maximum, was linearly temperature dependent. The fitting to such a relationship unveils a slightly lower critical temperature Tcp than the bulk Tc at zero field. A kink appears in the reversible magnetization moment of the field dependence of superconducting transition. This kink temperature Tck(B) is also a linear function of applied field. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation confirms the presence of nano-scale regular compositional modulation arising from local RE-Ba substitution, which is weakened with increasing Eu concentration. The peak effect is thus attributed to the scattering of local Tc due to compositional fluctuation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3755-3758
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number2 III
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun
Externally publishedYes
Event2002 Applied Superconductivity Conference - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: 2002 Aug 42002 Aug 9


  • (Sm-Eu)123
  • Compositional fluctuation
  • Melt-processed material
  • Peak effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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