Wudu’ workstation design for elderly and disabled people in Malaysia’s mosques

Siti Zawiah Dawal, Wan Nor Liza Mahadi, Marizan Mubin, Dian Darina Indah Daruis, Shahrol Mohamaddan, Farah Atikah Abdul Razak, Nurul Izzah Abd Rahman, Mohd Haziq Mohd Abd Wahab, Nursyahirah Adnan, Siti Afifa Anuar, Raziff Hamsan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Ablution area is one of the facilities used by most Muslims in all categories. There are numbers of de-sign guidelines for praying facilities but lack on ablution area specification. Therefore, this study was conducted to design an ergonomic ablution area for the Muslim’s disabled and elderly based on their preferences and anthropomet-ric dimension. Methods: Kano questionnaires and user evaluation form, was used to investigate the preferences of elderly and disa-bled in ablution area to 20 respondents at Masjid Bulat, Petaling Jaya and Masjid Kampung Kerinchi,Pantai Dalam, Kuala Lumpur in 2015. Anthropometric dimension of elderly and disabled people was measured. Besides, dimensions of two existing ablution units at selected mosques were evaluated using ‘Ablution Unit Dimension Evaluation’ form. Results: New ablution area design was developed based on elderly and disabled people anthropometric dimension and user preferences as well as user satisfaction survey. This study can be considered as preliminary study for the de-velopment of ergonomic ablution unit design. Conclusion: It is hoped that the findings and recommendations from this research will be referred by the stakehold-ers to determine the best solution to increase the level of comfort and accessibility for elderly and disabled at mosques in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-124
Number of pages11
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Ablution
  • Design
  • Disabled
  • Elderly
  • Mosque
  • Workstation
  • Wudu’

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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