TY - JOUR

T1 - A bent, crossed-wire antenna with vertical parasitic elements

T2 - Formation of a circularly polarized conical beam

AU - Hirose, Kazuhide

AU - Wada, Takehisa

PY - 2003/2

Y1 - 2003/2

N2 - A novel crossed-wire antenna backed by a ground plane is proposed and analyzed using the method of moments. Two wires are crossed and fed in phase at the crossing point to radiate a conical beam. To make the conical beam circularly polarized, the crossed wires are bent and four vertical parasitic elements (PE) are added. The antenna is characterized by its simple feed and CP radiation at low elevation angles. First, the effects of the PE location on the radiation characteristics are investigated for crossed wires of a half wavelength. When the PE location is appropriately chosen, the antenna radiates a CP conical beam. Next, attention is paid to CP radiation in a wide range of elevation angle. Calculations show that the angle range where the axial ratio is less than 3 dB increases to 65° from 15° for a changed crossed-wire length. The maximum CP radiation is obtained at an elevation angle of 35°. Finally, the frequency characteristics are studied and the bandwidth for a 3-dB axial ratio criterion is found to be 8%.

AB - A novel crossed-wire antenna backed by a ground plane is proposed and analyzed using the method of moments. Two wires are crossed and fed in phase at the crossing point to radiate a conical beam. To make the conical beam circularly polarized, the crossed wires are bent and four vertical parasitic elements (PE) are added. The antenna is characterized by its simple feed and CP radiation at low elevation angles. First, the effects of the PE location on the radiation characteristics are investigated for crossed wires of a half wavelength. When the PE location is appropriately chosen, the antenna radiates a CP conical beam. Next, attention is paid to CP radiation in a wide range of elevation angle. Calculations show that the angle range where the axial ratio is less than 3 dB increases to 65° from 15° for a changed crossed-wire length. The maximum CP radiation is obtained at an elevation angle of 35°. Finally, the frequency characteristics are studied and the bandwidth for a 3-dB axial ratio criterion is found to be 8%.

KW - Circularly polarized conical beam

KW - Moment method

KW - Parasitic element

KW - Wire antenna

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U2 - 10.1002/ecja.10033

DO - 10.1002/ecja.10033

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036487554

SN - 8756-6621

VL - 86

SP - 23

EP - 30

JO - Electronics and Communications in Japan, Part I: Communications (English translation of Denshi Tsushin Gakkai Ronbunshi)

JF - Electronics and Communications in Japan, Part I: Communications (English translation of Denshi Tsushin Gakkai Ronbunshi)

IS - 2

ER -