Characteristics of macrophage aggregates prepared by rotation culture and their response to polymeric materials

Shota Toda, Yoshihide Hashimoto, Naoko Nakamura, Masahiro Yamada, Ryusuke Nakaoka, Wataru Nomura, Masaya Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Kimura, Akio Kishida

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Understanding the interaction between macrophages and biomaterials is important for the creation of new biomaterials and the development of technologies to control macrophage function. Since macrophages are strongly adhesive, caution is required when performing in vitro evaluations. Similarly, when THP-1 cells, macrophage precursor cells, are differentiated into macrophages using phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), it becomes difficult to detach them from the adherent substrate, which has been a problem on investigation of immunological responses to biomaterials. In this study, the interaction of THP-1 cell-differentiated macrophages with biomaterials was analyzed based on a new method of seeding THP-1 cells. THP-1 cells were cultured in static and rotation culture without and with PMA. In undifferentiated THP-1 cells, there was no change in cellular function between static and rotation cultures. In rotation culture with PMA, THP-1 cells differentiated and formed macrophage aggregates. IL-1β and MRC1 expression in macrophage aggregates was examined after differentiation and M1/M2 polarization. Macrophage aggregates in rotation culture tended to be polarized toward M2 macrophages compared with those in static culture. In the evaluation of the responses of macrophage aggregates to several kinds of polymeric materials, macrophage aggregates showed different changes in MRC1 expression over time at 30, 50, and 70 rpm. Rotation speed of 30 rpm was considered most appropriate condition in that it gave stable results with the same trend as obtained with static culture. The use of macrophage aggregates obtained by rotational culture is expected to provide new insights into the evaluation of inflammatory properties of biomaterials.

本文言語English
ジャーナルJournal of Artificial Organs
DOI
出版ステータスAccepted/In press - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(その他)
  • 生体材料
  • 生体医工学
  • 循環器および心血管医学

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