Evolution of water-in-oil droplets in t-junction microchannel by micro-piv

Hawa Ringkai, Khairul Fikri Tamrin, Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh, Shahrol Mohamaddan

研究成果: Article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)


Water-in-oil droplets have huge importance in chemical and biotechnology applications, despite their difficulty being produced in microfluidics. Moreover, existing studies focus more on the different shape of microchannels instead of their size, which is one of the critical factors that can influence flow characteristics of the droplets. Therefore, the present work aims to study the behaviours of water-in-oil droplets at the interfacial surface in an offset T-junction microchannel, having different radiuses, using micro-PIV software. Food-grade palm olein and distilled water seeded with polystyrene microspheres particles were used as working fluids, and their captured images showing their generated droplets’ behaviours focused on the junction of the respective microfluidic channel, i.e., radiuses of 400 µm, 500 µm, 750 µm and 1000 µm, were analysed via PIVlab. The increasing in the radius of the offset T-junction microchannel leads to the increase in the cross-sectional area and the decrease in the distilled water phase’s velocity. The experimental velocity of the water droplet is in agreement with theoretical values, having a minimal difference as low as 0.004 mm/s for the case of the microchannel with a radius of 750 µm. In summary, a small increase in the channel’s size yields a significant increase in the overall flow of a liquid.

ジャーナルApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 6月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科学一般
  • 器械工学
  • 工学一般
  • プロセス化学およびプロセス工学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 流体および伝熱


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