In order to simulate the wear of the valves and valve seat inserts of automotive engines, impact wear tests were conducted using rings made of a JIS SUH36 steel valve material and disks made of a sintered alloy valve seat insert material. Test conditions were as follows: impact energy of 0.588 J, dry air of room temperature, 200°C and 400°C, and sliding speeds of 0-0.8 m s-1. Under these conditions, very low wear was observed for both materials subjected to impacts without sliding. Under impacts with sliding at 0.1 m s-1, a mildly bright worn surface was observed at room temperature. At this sliding speed, the rings also showed an accelerated wear rate. At 200°C with sliding speeds over 0.4 m s-1, a bright worn surface was observed and the wear rate was severe. However, at 400°C, oxidation occurred and no acceleration of the wear rate was observed at any sliding speed. These results can be explained by the occurrence of oxidation and the mechanical properties of the test materials.
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