Microstructure and pinning in high-Tc and large-Jc (Nd, Eu, Gd)-123 superconductors prepared by OCMG process

M. Muralidhar, M. R. Koblischka, T. Saitoh, M. Murakami

研究成果: Article査読

102 被引用数 (Scopus)


The effects of (Nd, Eu, Gd)2BaCuO5 (NEG-211), Pt and CeO2 additions on OCMG-processed (Nd, Eu, Gd)Ba2Cu3Oy ('NEG') composites have been investigated in detail using a combination of scanning electron microscopy and measurements of critical current densities, Jc. Microstructural observations clearly indicated that the platinum addition was effective in refining the NEG-211 secondary-phase particles, which led to a dramatic increase in Jc in the low-field as well as in the high-field region. TEM-EDX analyses revealed that the small secondary-phase particles (diameter ≈0.1 μm) consist mainly of Gd in the rare earth site, while the large particles contain Nd, Eu and Gd in the rare earth site with an even ratio, which is identical to the nominal composition of the precursor powder. For an NEG sample with 40 mol% NEG-211 additions, a large critical current density of 60000 A cm-2 at 77 K was observed in a magnetic field of 3 T applied parallel to the c-axis of the sample. The critical current density measurements showed that the zero field and peak Jc values are similar in samples with 30 and 40 mol% of NEG-211 added. In contrast to this, the combination of CeO2 and Pt addition was not as effective in refining the NEG-211 particles, and also the Jc values were found to decrease in the entire field region.

ジャーナルSuperconductor Science and Technology
出版ステータスPublished - 1998 12月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • セラミックおよび複合材料
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 金属および合金
  • 電子工学および電気工学
  • 材料化学


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