The effects of high pressure (up to 9 GPa) on the thermal decomposition of ammonia borane, BH3 NH3, were studied in situ by Raman spectroscopy in a diamond anvil cell. In contrast with the three-step decomposition at ambient pressure, thermolysis under pressure releases almost the entire hydrogen content of the molecule in two distinct steps. The residual of the first decomposition is polymeric aminoborane, (BH2 NH 2 x, which is also observed at ambient pressure. The residual after the second decomposition is unique to high pressure. Presumably it corresponds to a precursor to hexagonal BN where macromolecular fragments of planar hexagon layers formed by B and N atoms are terminated by H atoms. Increasing pressure increases the temperature of both decomposition steps. Due to the increased first decomposition temperature it becomes possible to observe a new high pressure, high temperature phase of BH3 NH3 which may represent melting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas